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NURS 452: Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Care for the Registered Nurse: Group EBP Project

Books on Presentations

These books are available from the Priddy Library.

PICO Example

For the Group Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) Paper, the PICO format must be followed.  The components of this format are as follows: P=the patient population being studied, I=the intervention or therapeutic approach, C=the comparison made between the intervention and an alternative therapy, and O=the outcome or effect of the intervention. 

A possible topic for a paper might be whether or not non-pharmacological treatments are effective in treating dysphagia in patients with Parkinson's disease.  In this case, P=patients with Parkinson's disease, I=non-pharmacological treatments, C=pharmacological treatments (e.g. the use of the drug levodopa), and O=the effect on dysphagia.

Sources used to write this PICO example were Nursing Research: Methods and Critical Appraisal for Evidence-Based Practice, edited by Geri LoBiondo-Wood and Judith Haber.

A tutorial titled "Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice" produced by the Duke University Medical Center Library and the Health Sciences Library, UNC-Chapel Hill puts the PICO or clinical question in the broader EBP context. 

Included in this tutorial is a section which outlines the types of questions and studies that may be encountered when doing searches in biomedical databases.

Databases for Finding Primary Research Articles

Primary research articles are primary literature sources.  They present original findings and are published in peer-reviewed journals. 

They are structured to show methods, results, and conclusions and are designed so that other researchers can attempt to replicate the results they report.

This brief video from the University of Wisconsin-Madison will help you determine whether or not your article is a primary research article.