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Filtering Fake News: Types of Fake News

This LibGuide serves as an aid to the workshop Filtering Fake News at Priddy Library.

Social Media

 

Social Media is a platform in which fake news can be spread. Increasing numbers of people who are misinformed because they mainly get their news from social media, rather than traditional news sources. 

False Headlines

False headlines are intentionally exaggerated or false to draw the reader in. The title of the headline may not match the content of the story, the headline may read one way or state something as fact , but then the body of the article says something different. This type of fake news is misleading at best and untrue at worst.

Rumor Mills and Gossip

Sources that traffic in rumors, gossip, innuendo, and unverified claims all in the sake of profit. Clickbait in print form.

Deliberate Misinformation

Deliberate misinformation is intentionally false or misleading information that is spread in a calculated way to deceive target audiences.

Veerender Jubbal is a Sikh living in Canada, who was falsely accused across social media as being one of the bombers responsible for the Paris attacks in November 2016. This picture was deliberately altered to play off the emotions and fears of people around the world. 

Satire

Satirical fake news sources use humor, irony, exaggeration, ridicule, and false information to comment on current events. They can draw on factual based news but uses satire to purposefully twist it to comment on the issue or the state of society. Satire has the potential to be spread as real news by those who do not understand its humor.

Clickbait Headlines

Headlines on the internet whose main purpose are to catch a reader's attention and to make them click on the fake news. Clicking leads you to an often under whelming result where you are bombarded with ads and result in money for those who set up these sites. 

Conspiracy theories

As with many of the other sources these things existed long before the trend of "fake news". This trend serves as a platform to push out all types of inaccuracies and fallacies. Conspiracy theories spread as facts instead of an unfounded theory, people will believe the story is real and factual but they have no evidence to back up the things they are claiming.

 

Junk Science

image from goop showing junk science

Junk Science sources promote pseudoscience, metaphysics, naturalistic fallacies, and other scientifically dubious claims.